Психология обучения

№ 04 • 2017


Dubrovin LA. – PhD. ps. Sciences, Associate Professor

Activities G.I. Chelpanova psychological laboratory at the turn of XIX-XX centuries as a model for the development of personal tolerance at students

Страницы / Pages: 5-12

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article deals with the problem of personal preparation of students for professional work, in particular education such traits as tolerance. For students of tolerance is the key to success in the future professional activity. Activities of the first psychological laboratory under the direction of G.I Chelpanova is a unique example of development of personal tolerance. The article highlighted how the development of tolerance among students of psychology.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
tolerance, training, personal and meaningful quality orientation, motive, personal meaning, subjectivity.


Sinkevich I.A. Ph.D. Associate Professor – Head of the Department of Psychology, Psychological-Pedagogical Institute Murmansk Arctic State University
Tuchkova T.V. Ph.D. – Associate Professor the Department of Psychology Psychological-Pedagogical Institute Murmansk Arctic State University

Giftedness: sense of the concept and contexts of research in the perspective of “pedagogics and psychology of giftedness”

Страницы / Pages: 13-22

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article compares the views of scientists on the phenomena of abilities and giftedness (talent); analyzes the psychological and pedagogical aspects of the process of development of abilities and talents of children in modern educational environment. The author gives the characteristic of the contexts of study of the phenomenon of giftedness (anthropological, epistemological and axiological); reveals the purpose and tasks of the pedagogy of giftedness. 

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
giftedness; abilities, axiological contexts of study; pedagogy and psychology of giftedness; artistic and creative development.

Ermolaev V.V. – Ph. D., associate Professor of psychology of work and psychological counseling at Moscow state pedagogical University
Dorokhov V.B. – doctor of biological Sciences, head of Laboratory, Institute of higher nervous activity and neurophysiology of RAS
Zaitseva E.I. – Executive Director of the Nonprofit partnership of educational and scientific-production organizations «Association of Automobile schools»
Chetverikova A.I. – senior lecturer in work psychology and psychological counseling at Moscow state pedagogical University

Transformation of cognitive maps of cadets of driving schools in the study of the course «Psychophysiological bases of activity of the driver»

Страницы / Pages: 23-36

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article presents the analysis of ways of formation of cognitive maps of modern Russian drivers and the empirical results of testing a modification of a technique of teaching of the course «Psychophysiological bases of activity of the driver» by filling the cognitive maps of the future driver data about their individual psychological and psycho-physiological characteristics that reduce the risk of an emergency. The study involved two groups of students from two schools (48 in the experimental group and 39 in the control). The total sample was 87 people (49 male and 38 female).

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
young driver, cognitive map, installation, driving school, training, physiological training.


Volkova E.L. – Bachelor in the direction of «Social Psychology» The Moscow Psychology and Social University campus in Yaroslavl
Razina T.V. – Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor, Deputy Director for Science and Educational Work, The Moscow Psychology and Social University campus in Yaroslavl

A Comparative Study of the volitional qualities of personality in youth age.

Страницы / Pages: 37-49

Аннотация / Annotation:
This paper presents the results of empirical comparative study of the level and structure of strong-willed personality qualities in men and women. It has been found that such volitional qualities as endurance and attentiveness among men is much more pronounced than that of women. Nevertheless, the identity of the structural organization of the system of volitional qualities of personality was established among girls and young men. The reasons for this is that most people try to follow the social stereotypes of the «real men» and the «business woman».

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
will, strong-willed personality qualities, sex differences, stereotypes, youth age.

Stanibula S.A. – senior Lecturer of Psychology. Establishment of Education «Francis Skorina Gomel State University», Gomel

Features coping strategies in people with different types of character accentuation

Страницы / Pages: 50-56

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article reveals the specifics of coping strategies depending on the type of character accentuation. We give essentially informative-dispositional characteristic directions in the psychology of coping behavior. Ras regarded basic typology of accentuation nature, and reveals the correlation relationship with the various typologies of coping strategies.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
coping strategies, accentuation of character, social and psychological adaptation.

Shishkina O.V. – Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, senior lecturer, Autonomous non-profit organization of higher education «Interregional Open Social Institute»
Andreeva S.N. – Candidate of Psychological Sciences, senior lecturer, Autonomous non-profit organization of higher education «Interregional Open Social Institute», FGBOUVO «Mari State University»

The Development of creativity and social adaptation of children with disabilities

Страницы / Pages: 57-67

Аннотация / Annotation:
In the article it is analyzed the experience of Interregional Open Social Institute in the field of assistance to families raising children with disabilities. The realization of the psycho-medico-logopedist accompaniment of the family helps to develop creativity and social adaptation of children. It improves relationships between a child and parents. On the outcomes of children with disabilities identified significant changes for intellectual and artistic inclinations.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
disabilities, mental retardation, inclusive education and social adaptation of children with limited health capacity, parental competence, psychological-pedagogical accompaniment of families, social project, the creative potential of the family, child-parent relationship, Psychodiagnostics.


Lysakov N.D. – doctor of psychological Sciences, Professor, Professor, Department of sociology, psychology and social management of the Moscow aviation Institute (national research University)

Psychological aspects of solving professional tasks in the training of aviation engineers

Страницы / Pages: 68-73

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article discusses some questions about intensification of professional training in engineers – designers of aircraft by psychology, aimed on flight safety, based on the analysis of engineering and psychological causes of accidents; аn example of the practical training in psychology for bachelor’ degree program «Aircraft construction» is given.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
psychology, professional tasks, automated control system, simulator training, physiological features.


Bogdanova T.V. – PhD in Philology, Associate Professor of the Department of Psychology Smolensk State University

The philosophy of the profession and the professional knowledge of university teachers professional identity model (a comparative analysis on materials of Smolensk and Riga samples)

Страницы / Pages: 74-90

Аннотация / Annotation:
The results of empirical study of two structural components of professional identity model (PI) of the teacher – “philosophy of the profession” and “professional knowledge”. Comparative analysis of the content and the components of correlations in the general model of PI made on the material of the two samples: the teachers of Smolensk and Riga high schools (198 teachers). The findings argue in favor of the hypothesis of the model PI teacher relate similar and different elements in the PI of the two samples indicates its problem areas.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
professional identity, structural components, the philosophy of the profession, professional knowledge.

Serafimovich I.V. – candidate of psychological sciences, associate professor of the department of Humanities, Yaroslavl Branch of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics Yaroslavl

Revisiting the characteristics of metacognition integration and social-psychological features of professional development of a person (based on the analysis of the video recording of the stage of case in the regional professional skill competition «educational psychologist of the year»)

Страницы / Pages: 91-105

Аннотация / Annotation:
The process of social-psychological support in the professional skill competition has been analyzed. The empiric data on the display of professional non-contextual thinking, seen as a process and the result of professional development, and its metacognitive characteristics at the stage of «Case» i.e. online counseling under severe time constraints, are presented. It is proved that while an educational psychologist is solving simulated problematic situations, the conditions for metacognition integration are formed.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
professional thinking: contextual/non-contextual, metacognition, problematic communicative situations, professional development, professional skill competition, competition social movement, modeling, counseling.


Mitrofanova O.G. – candidate of psychological Sciences, lecturer of the Department of General and Social Psychology of the Yanka Kupala Grodno State University

Psychological barriers cross-cultural understanding in different spheres of interaction Belarusian and Chinese students

Страницы / Pages: 106-114

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article presents the results of empirical research of psychological barriers to cross-cultural understanding of Belarusian and Chinese students, which are updated in the process of communication, training and cooperation in the conditions of living together in a dormitory. Accounting for identified barriers will increase the productivity of intercultural interaction of students, to eliminate a situation of misunderstanding and thereby achieve positive outcomes in intercultural contacts.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
intercultural interaction, intercultural mutual understanding, psychological barriers, psychological barriers of intercultural interaction.

Kalashnikov V.G. – Candidate of Psychological Sciences (Ph.D. in Psychology), Docent

A contextual approach to the analysis and conflict resolution

Страницы / Pages: 115-130

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article contains a summary of the contextual approach to the analysis and resolution of conflict. As tools for the study of conflict, the author offers to use the context analysis and the construction of the matrix of the conflict. Tools of transformation of the positions of the parties to the conflict are invited to make a change in the object context, cause and reason of the conflict, as well as the expansion and variation of context con-conflict. Proposes a rule the contextual determination of the degree of the correctness of the parties to the conflict.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
Conflict, context, contextual approach, context conflict, context analysis, matrix contexts.

Prudkova Y.V. – Postgraduate student, Сhair of psychology development, acmeology, Faculty of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education. Teacher-psychologist of the Moscow state education gymnasium № 1558

Review of foreign studies the development of communication skills of student in inclusive classes

Страницы / Pages: 131-137

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article describes the approaches of foreign researchers to the problem of development of communicative skills of students of inclusive classes. The analysis of foreign programs for the development of communicative skills of students of inclusive classes were held. Аn overview of the research program “Circle of friends” by foreign researchers was described .

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
communication skills, social interaction, inclusive class.


Gnezdilov G.V. – candidate of psychological Sciences, Professor, head of chair of General psychology of MUH, Moscow
Koshkina V.K. – Ph. D., associate Professor of the Department economic psychology and psychology of labor of NANO IN the “Institute of world civilizations”, Moscow
Kiselev V.V. – candidate of psychological Sciences, senior lecturer of the Department of world civilizations and international relations of NANO IN the “Institute of world civilizations”, Moscow
Chudinov K.Y. – PhD, Executive Director of OOO “UMMC ASC”, Moscow

The study of psychological factors influencing the effectiveness of men and women managers employed in the field of printing

Страницы / Pages: 138-148

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article presents the results of the study of negative psychological factors influencing the effectiveness of management activities men leaders and women leaders. Identified gender differences in managers working in the field of printing; printing describes the specifics of the activities and situations of decision-making in this professional field. The main areas of training of personnel reserve of the company to modern management.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
gender, gender differences in management, male managers, female leaders, the method of sequential dynamic assessment of situations of management activity (NDO), the form of NDO, preparation of a personnel reserve of managers.