Психология обучения

№ 03 • 2018


Gerashchenko I.G. – doctor of philosophy, Professor, Professor of the Department of Humanities and legal disciplines of the Volgograd cooperative Institute (branch) of the Russian University of cooperation, Volgograd
Gerashchenko N.V. – candidate of pedagogical Sciences, docent of Department of pedagogy of Volgograd state Academy of physical culture, Volgograd

Psychology of «economic person» and «non-economic person» in the context of education

Страницы / Pages: 5-12

Аннотация / Annotation:
Two opposing psychological personality types in modern education are considered: market and non-market. The features of the pedagogy of the information society in the context of the psychology of postmodernism are shown. The psychological features of the «economic man» and «non-economic person» are revealed in the conditions of reforming the higher school in Russia.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
economic psychology, economic man, non-economic person, postmodern psychology, education psychology.

Gushina G.A. – Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor, Deputy Director of the Pedagogical Institute of the Federal State Educational Establishment of the Russian Federation “Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University”, Kaliningrad
Masyagin V.P. – doctor of pedagogical sciences, professor, associate Professor of moral and psychological support chair OF fgkvou VPO “Military University” of the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation

The personality-activity approach as a methodological principle of research and design of the process of formation of professional culture of a student

Страницы / Pages: 13-24

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article substantiates the expediency of utilising the personality-activity approach to the formation of university students’ professional culture, which is understood as a methodological principle, orientation in the implementation of actions. This approach urge to utilise a certain set of regulators: interconnected patterns, principles, ideas and methods of pedagogical activity.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
professional culture, personality-activity approach, methodological regulations, system analysis, methodological principle.

Shogoreva E.Yu. – Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Psychology, Federal State Federal Military Educational Establishment of Higher Education “Military University” of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
Klimova E.M. – Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of psychology of work and organizational psychology, Moscow State regional University

Systems interaction in the educational space in the system paradigm

Страницы / Pages: 25-34

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article discusses approaches to the phenomenon and essence of the educational space in the system paradigm. Describes the educational environment as an interaction of systems. Highlighted the active role of teacher in organizing co-beingness, and the chosen strategy of interaction as conditions for self-realization of students in the educational process.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
educational space, the system paradigm.

Izmailova M.A. – Doctor of Science (Economics), Associate professor Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow

The problem of finding the balance between cognitive and technocratic models of modernization of russian education

Страницы / Pages: 35-47

Аннотация / Annotation:
The problem of the influence of the technological factor on the sphere of education, which calls for a revision of the educational content and formats of education, is studied. The need for the transformation of education, taking into account the technological development of society, the development of cognitive capabilities and the psychology of the personality of the students is substantiated. The need for a more precise adjustment of education to the needs of the society for observing the interests of consumers of educational services is underlined. A description of the risks of the formation of a new education is given.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
education, educational process, personality psychology, cognitive revolution, industrial revolution.


Milova Yu. – Ph.D in Pedagogy, associate professor of Psychology and management staff of NOU VPO “the southern Federal University (Iubip)”, Rostov-on-don

Preventing manipulation as a prerequisite for personal health

Страницы / Pages: 48-55

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article presents an analysis of manipulation as an obstacle to the development of personal health. The results of studying the links between manipulation and personal health, the links between the signs of personal health and ill health, as well as the results of a comparative analysis between persons with different levels of propensity to manipulate are considered. The training of actualization is proposed as a way to prevent manipulation.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
manipulation, personal health, actualization.

Yelshansky S.P. – Doctor of psychological Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Department of psychology of labor and psychological counseling of Moscow state pedagogical University, Moscow

Some cognitive factors of learning efficiency

Страницы / Pages: 56-64

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article discusses the cognitive factors influencing the effectiveness of education related to long-term memory, attention, cognitive and informational basis of learning. Comprehensive and full study of the above mentioned factors will definitely help to improve the overall quality of higher education and the professionalism of each graduate individually.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
cognitive factors of learning efficiency, the transition of the intermediate memory to the long-term one in learning, attention in education, concentration in learning, cognitive and informational basis of learning.

Dubrovina D.A. – Post-graduate Student of the Department of Psychology of Education Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Ural State Pedagogical University», Ekaterinburg

Psychological factors preventing the use of non-normative vocabulary in adolescents

Страницы / Pages: 65-72

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article substantiates the factors provoking the use of non-normative vocabulary by adolescents, presents the results of an empirical study of the prevention of the use of non-normative vocabulary in adolescents.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
non-normative vocabulary, profanity, adolescence, adolescents, factors, psychological-pedagogical preventive maintenance.


Grigorieva I.V. – graduate student of the Department of Psychology and Pedagogy in Russian New University, practicing psychologist, Moscow

Adaptation of the person to difficult life of the person to difficult life as a system integrating individual human capabilities

Страницы / Pages: 73-80

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article is devoted to the problem of personality adaptation. It provides an overview of concepts and approaches to the study of adaptation of the person, which is carried out by the operation of a large number of interrelated and complementary substructures which, in their interaction, integrate individual human capabilities. Being in the “person-environment” interactions the person appears as an active party forming a variety of behavioral strategies using both natural and acquired adaptation mechanisms.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
adaptation, adaptation levels, temperament, ego defense mechanisms, coping behavior.


Batishchev V.N. – Candidate of psychological sciences (PhD), Associate professor of the Department of Psychology of Labour and Organizational Psychology, Moscow Region State University, Moscow

Professional counseling of optants in terms of the educational institution

Страницы / Pages: 81-89

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article considers the modern approaches to vocational counseling, described the results of a socio-psychological study of demand for professions on the labor market. On the basis of existing theoretical ideas and empirical results of the proposed methods of carrying out professional counseling.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
the choice of profession by optant, professional identity of the student, the error in the choice of profession, employment of graduates, job search, the technique of diagnostics of personal characteristics, psychological counseling.

Ratanova T.A. – doctor of psychological Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Department economic psychology and psychology of labor of the NANO S the Institute of world civilizations, honored worker of science of the Russian Federation

Features of cognitive differentiation-integration and structural organization of intelligence in students of physical and mathematical pedagogical specialization

Страницы / Pages: 90-101

Аннотация / Annotation:
Comparative analysis of the indicators of intelligence, cognitive differentiation and personal characteristics of students of higher and secondary teacher training Institute with a specialization in mathematics, physics, philologists. With the help of methods of assessment of level of intelligence (test Veksler, D.), time for «speed classification» stimulus objects, properties of the person and their interrelations revealed a higher level of differentiation – integration of intellectual and personal sphere at the students of physical and mathematical profile than humanitarian. 

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
intelligence, General and special abilities, their natural basis, cognitive differentiation – integration, personal characteristics, the students-physicists, mathematicians, linguists – педвуза and pedagogical collage.

Kamyshanov A.A. – Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor; Associate Professor of the Department of Psychology, Federal State Federal Military Educational Establishment of Higher Education “Military University” of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
Suzanskij A.S. – Captain, Senior Assistant Chief of laboratory professional selection-psychologist of the Department on work with the personnel of the St. Petersburg military Institute National Guard troops of the Russian Federation

The problem of professional competences in the context of training for National Guard troops Federal service of the Russian Federation

Страницы / Pages: 102-108

Аннотация / Annotation:
This article provides a brief definition of notions about the professional competencies, as well as their need for training for National Guard troops of the Russian Federation.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
competence, professional, training, National Guard troops of the Russian Federation.


Gerasimenko H. Ah. – senior lecturer, Department of Age psychology, Moscow state Pedagogical University

A few words about study methods of style features of psychologist professional activities research in the educational system

Страницы / Pages: 109-115

Аннотация / Annotation:
This article is dedicated to the problem of individualization of professional activity of psychologists of the system of education in our country. The author of the article developed surveillance scheme. The author of the article assumes that individual character of a teacher psychologist is expressed in his or her peculiar style of educational activity.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
individual style of professional activities, the effectiveness of professional activities, professional skills, individual characteristics, stylistic features of professional activities of a psychologist.


Abdurakhmanov R.A. – candidate of psychological sciences, associate professor, associate professor of the general psychology and psychology of work, Russian new university, Moscow

Vyrostkov D.A. – bachelor of psychology, Russian new university, Moscow 

The influence of individual psychological characteristics of students on her political activity in the period of reforming education

Страницы / Pages: 116-122

Аннотация / Annotation:
The article is devoted to the problem of low political activity of students during the period of educational reform, the article presents the results of a study of the influence of individual psychological characteristics on political activity of students, in particular concerning the presidential elections as a political process, locus of control and level of motivation to achieve success..

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
student youth, political activity, individual psychological characteristics, locus of control, motivation for success, the attitude to the elections, absenteeism.


Zaytseva M.Yu. – graduate student Russian New University, special reporter RBC-TV, Moscow

Personal features of TV journalists and their influence on coping strategies and resilience

Страницы / Pages: 123-134

Аннотация / Annotation:
Results of a psychological research of personal features of TV reporters and also the strategy applied by them a сoping behavior are given in article. 202 persons participated in a research. The data obtained at TV reporters were compared to results of diagnostics of representatives of other professions. It was succeeded to reveal types of temperament and accentuation which at journalists meet more often than at other people and interrelation of these lines with the сoping-strategy providing their resilience.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
personality, coping, character, accentuation, temperament, resilience.

Gnezdilov G.V. – Candidate of Psychology, Professor, Head of the Department of General Psychology of the Modern Humanitarian Academy, Dean of the Faculty of Psychology at the Academy of Management and Production, Professor of the Department of Labor Psychology and Organizational Psychology of the Moscow State Regional University, Moscow
Lysakov N.D. – Professor of the Department of Social Psychology and Labor Psychology of the SGA, Professor of the Department of Sociology, Psychology and Social Management of the Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow
Gribachev D.S. – graduate student of the Department of Economic Psychology and Labor Psychology of the Institute of World Civilizations, Moscow

Analysis of the study of psychological features of the system of labor incentives (on the example of employees of the public catering sector)

Страницы / Pages: 135-150

Аннотация / Annotation:
The analysis of the research of psychological features of the labor incentive system by the example of the employees of the chain of restaurants Korchma Taras Bulba.

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
competence, material and moral stimulation, motivation, labor efficiency, job satisfaction, propensity to achieve success or avoid failures, orientational orientation.

Lobanova A.V. – PhD in Psychology, associate professor of the Department of Special Psychology at Tolstoy Tula State Pedagogical University
Vinogradova I.M. – psychologist State budget educational institution of Moscow region «Kashirsky special education school for students with deviant (socially dangerous) behavior of the closed type»

Accentuation of character of teenagers with suicidal tendencies

Страницы / Pages: 151-162

Аннотация / Annotation:
Examines the relationship of suicidal behavior and character accentuation. Conducted quantitative and qualitative analysis of empirical results. Shown significant correlation of the indicators of motivation of suicidal behavior and characteristics of character accentuations in adolescents. It is shown that for teenagers who are stuck, pedantic, hyperthymic, disturbing and emotive type of accentuation, typical of the manifestation automantically motivation. 

Ключевые слова / Keywords:
concept of suicidal behavior, suicidal behaviour, suicidal tendencies, accentuated character, the teenager.